Eduardo Alvarado -- a contemporary Spanish artist who has been influenced by Bay Area Figurative art -- has an austere approach to painting that is meant to stand on its own. His sparely brushed nudes are sensitive and understated: Alvarado has no interest in artifice or in showing off.
I recently interviewed Eduardo and asked him about his background, his connection to the late Nathan Oliveira, and his approach to art making.
John Seed Interviews Eduardo Alvarado
Tell me about your early life and education.
I was born in the north of Spain on the border between two regions filled with significant remnants of their prehistoric and medieval past. However my family is from the south, from a region with a history connected to ancient Rome and the Renaissance. So the history of those areas and their art and architecture has surrounded me since childhood.
Despite that proximity I also grew up with the feeling of a lack of roots. I lived in a nice neighborhood on the outskirts of a small town, next to the great river and open fields and groves. I drew to imitate my older brother, but he was too much of a perfectionist and I enjoyed myself more than he did. The day a primary school teacher took us outside to draw from life, I realized that my model was Mother Nature.
Big Lying Nude, oil on canvas, 165x195 cm
How and when did you decide to become an artist?
At 15, the day I bought a comic themed cosmological by the great French illustrator Jean Giraud Moebius. I am convinced that his graphic universe is a twin brother of Nathan Oliveira's universe. He passed away just two years after Nate.
Who were your early influences and mentors?
My Catholic godfather is my father's brother and he is called Michelangelo. He traveled to Rome and brought me a book about Michelangelo. His works -- along with the paintings of the Altamira caves and reproductions of Baroque paintings hanging on the walls of our house -- were my art school. Later Klimt and Schiele were an obsession.
At the age of 18 I joined the Faculty of Fine Arts of the Basque Country and two years later I moved to Madrid. Arguably I trained under two very different schools of painting: the Basque Expressionists and Madrid Realists.
Crucified Woman, oil on canvas, 25x33 cm
How did you become aware of California art?
After finishing my university studies, I devoted much effort to investigating what teachers had not known to show me. One day I found a book on American representational art in which there was a reproduction of a painting by Nathan Oliveira. The impact it had on me is indescribable. He was succeeded by Diebenkorn, Park, Bischoff, Wonner, etc. It was not easy to gather information about these artists with the media then available; for example there was no internet.
Tell me about your meeting with Nathan Oliveira
I was sure that a generation of young artists connected to the traditions of the Bay Area Figurative movement must exist, and in 2005 I contacted Kim Frohsin. Kim, aware of my devotion to the work of Oliveira, sent him my letters to which he always responded very generously. In 2009 she included me in the exhibition "Painterly Painting: The Next Level" and I traveled to San Francisco for the opening. Kim and painter John Goodman, a good friend of Nate's, organized my visit to his home and studio.
When he saw my work, he told me not to remember him, but to remember the Spanish pictorial tradition ranging from Altamira to Picasso. It was ironic that I had to travel to the U.S. to recognize my roots.
I am infinitely grateful to Kim Frohsin for arranging this visit.
Nude Female Bust, oil on canvas, 46x38 cm
Is your current series of paintings all done from live models? Tell me about the series...
I was working under the conscious influence of Oliveira's aesthetic until 2005, at which time I started to paint from live models. The paintings in my current exhibition date from two different periods. The earliest are from 2007 -- painted just before I began a period of six years relearning to paint still lifes from nature -- and the most recent are from 2014.
Actually, the principles I use to recreate an image -- from model or not from models -- came directly from what I learned while painting from life.
Your paintings have a sense of serenity. How do you achieve that?
I'm glad you have that perception because I think it reflects a philosophy of life. I am an austere person and my only claim to painting is the painting itself. My job does not wield ideological slogans. I simply devote myself to study the generative processes of chaos and order that operate in the cosmos and portray them on my canvas with the utmost humility and least artifice possible.
Two Lying Nudes, oil on canvas, 54x65 cm
What else would you like to say about your artistic practice? I know, for example, that you love to draw...
Absolutely: I am constantly drawing and I think of it as the natural method of learning of visual artists. I do not believe in talent; just in work. Paraphrasing Lucian Freud, I would say: "The man is nothing, the work is everything."
Zero Nude, oil on canvas, 19x24 cm
How much interest is there right now in Spain for the work of contemporary representational artists?
I remember in my years as a student, gurus of contemporary art criticized figurative painting, and yet the passage of time has done nothing but strengthen the role, the worth and validity of representational art in the pictorial tradition and art history.
What are your interests outside of art?
I love nature and music. Also anthropology, philosophy, poetry ... And I love basketball and now my kids play a lot of football ... so I also love football!
March 18 - April 25th
8 rue gambetta - 64200 Biarritz
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-La pintura instintual y primaria, la pintura directa y expresiva, la pintura que sale del fondo de la existencia humana y de la interpretación del mundo y de las cosas, sigue estando totalmente fresca y vive en las galerías del País Vasco y de todo Europa.
-Digamos de entrada que Alvarado presenta algunos dibujos, en algunos casos autorretratos y retratos de su mujer, solos y aislados, trazados a lápiz y manchados con pocos colores, marrón sobre ocres, como aburrimientos sutiles y mínimos esbozos dentro de las propias obras. Resultan sumamente atractivas en esta dirección varias series realizadas en ocres, algunas de ellos reducidas casi a puras manchas, que poseen un cierto carácter escultórico, y que se emparentan con algunos dibujos de escultores de los años 30-40. Pero lo que a nosotros más nos ha interesado son dos desnudos de formato medio ubicados sobre las escaleras de entrada, bien trazados y coloreados a la manera de la escuela de López. Multimanchados y pastosos. Son francamente soberbios y espléndidos dibujos de gran intensidad y destreza técnica.
-[...] Los dibujos con grafito negro, y la pintura llena de figuras humanas, masculinas y femeninas, solas y en pareja, de pie o tumbadas, cargadas de dolor y cansancio humanos, de Eduardo Alvarado, pese a su raigambre expresionista, corre y va sin embargo por otros derroteros. Más cercano a las primeras vanguardias históricas de gente como Munch y Schiele, o de sus epígonos austriacos, alemanes y vascos de toda suerte y pelaje (entre los que se encuentran nuestros Goenaga y Zuriarrain), pasados por el tamiz personal en el que el arte negro es una de las constantes y referencias básicas y estructurales, este joven autor produce una pintura llena de referencias personales y de una gran frescura e introspección humanas. Los resultados arrojan un balance altamente positivo, pese a ciertas adherencias que deben madurar o desaparecer en el futuro.
Sus telas de formatos medios y grandes están llenas de ráfagas y pinceladas multicolores, de humanidades deformadas y de bellezas excéntricas y naturales. Muy interesantes resultan sus propios autorretratos (que es quizás lo que mejor conoce), sus desnudos femeninos y masculinos frontales y algunos desnudos que poseen connotaciones con el Goenaga fin de siglo. Como muy potentes y poderos aparecen y son también sus desnudos trazados a carbón y grafito.
- Destaca en este sentido la figura humana de Alvarado, sola y aislada, en la intimidad de su propia desnudez y en las deformaciones expresas de su propia historia intrahumana. Sus personajes, fuertes y oscuros, se presentan filiformes, cargados de ocres y verdes poderosos, entre trazadas e insinuadas. La fuerza y poderío de las manchas y pinceladas, llevan a este autor a dejar en algunas obras el soporte cara vista, apenas manchado. Mas deudor de Schiele aparece en sus dibujos y acuarelas de pequeño formato.
- Esperamos mucho de este joven autor que sigue demostrándonos, con un cierto feísmo y desgarro, que quedan muchas cosas que hacer y que decir en ese vasto panorama que queda entre Munch, Schiele, Bacon y López.
Fragmentos de los textos del crítico de arte Edorta kortadi en el suplemento del diario DEIA en Julio de 2003, en el Diario Vasco en mayo de 2004 y en el diario DEIA el 18 de Marzo de 2006, y recopilados con motivo de la exposición de dibujos y pinturas de desnudo en Galerie d'Art Anne Broitman.
Nota extraida de Wikipedia: "El destino, desconocemos si el de los mitos griegos, determinó que los actores protagonistas de Orfeo negro, Breno Mello y Marpessa Dawn, fallecieran el mismo verano de 2008, si bien él el 11 de julio en Porto Alegre y ella el 25 de agosto en París, casi 50 años después de haber encarnado la relación entre Orfeo y Eurídice en el cine, tal vez por esto de que a veces a la vida se le antoja emular al arte."
"You had the audacity to draw your suicidal mother's corpse..."
"Yes, my teacher told me it was the only worthwhile drawing I had done in his class..."
"And have you drawn others who have taken their own lives?"
"Not until very recently..."
"But you've known many others..."
"Yes...you mean other...suicides..."
"Yes. Have you an understanding of them?"
"I think about them...but I lack the wisdom to understand. I don't understand things very well...I just draw them..."
"Then you must do that. Look. Behind this curtain. Look at them."
"I...I see them."
"Then you must draw."
"One looks for evidence..."
"I draw the evidence...but my drawings from imagination lack the feeling of that first drawing...I was there. I saw Mother's body... I drew what I saw..."
"And you put your drawings into books?"
"I do. I do the best I can...but..."
"But I can't really see...it's not the same."
"Then you must come with me."
"You will see...and you will draw."
"Who are you? Why...I don't know you...Where do you want me to go?"
"I am the cowled figure. I exist only for those who must see to understand. My ancestors have been guides to many."
"Where what can be seen can lead to understanding. You do know me. I have always been with you. Now that you can see me..."
"But this is academic..."
"If you want to make drawings that your teacher...who by the way was and is one of my kinsmen...If you want to make those kind of drawings...and to understand suicide...come."
"Bring your paper and your pen."
"You will see."
"And you will draw."
"I will go with you and I will draw."
Exhibition dates: October 4–November 16, 2013
Anno Domini // the second coming of Art & Design
366 So. First Street
San Jose, CA 95113
EDUARDO ALVARADO / PINTURAS
(Gema Labayen / Esculturas)
Del 2 al 30 de Octubre
Centro Cultural La Vidriera
Avda. Cantabria, s/n - 39600 Maliaño